Which is the oldest fort in India? 🏰 54+ Famous Great Forts in India: Unveiling the Rich Tapestry of History and Architecture

Which is the oldest fort in India? India’s oldest fort is the Qila Mubarak in Bathinda, Punjab. Dating back to the 4th century, it reflects a rich historical tapestry.

India is a land of old forts and monoliths, which explains the deep materialized part of the country. Two forts in India become part of the UNESCO globe heritage sites– The Agra Fort and Red Fort.

India’s landscape is adorned with forts that stand as symbols of strength, resilience, and architectural brilliance. These structures, scattered across the nation, serve as living testaments to India’s glorious past.

The diversity of these forts, both in terms of geographical location and historical significance, makes exploring them a fascinating journey.

In this article, we embark on a virtual journey through the formidable forts in India, uncovering the essence of their existence.

How Much Do You Know About Forts In India?

List Of Famous Forts In India And Their Location

1: Mehrangarh Fort-Jodhpur

Mehrangarh Fort-- Jodhpur
Image Source – Google | Image By – Wikimedia

The Great Mehrangarh Fort lies in Jodhpur city of Rajasthan, It is around 500 years of age and is also among the largest forts in India.

The Mehrangarh Fort is located 400 over the kind the city and was also started by Rao Jodha. There are 7 gateways constructed by each Maharaja for their triumph, An entrance called Jayapol was constructed by Maharaja Man Singh.

Inside the fort. Several remarkably crafted as well as embellished royal residences are discovered like the Moti Mahal, Sheesha Mahal, and so on. The gallery in the Mehrangarh fort is one of the most well-stocked galleries in Rajasthan. It is one of the best forts in India.

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2: Red Fort- Delhi

Red Fort-- Delhi
Image Source – Google | Image By – Wallpaper cave

Lal Quila or The Red Fort is the most essential historic structure in India, located in Delhi. The fort exists along the “divine river of India” Yamuna River. There is an Indian battle and a historical gallery memorial gallery within the fort.

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3: Gwalior Fort- Gwalior

Gwalior Fort-- Gwalior
Image Source – Google | Image By – Ninara

Gwalior Fort is a lovely historic monolith located in Madhya Pradesh constructed by Rana Man Singh Tomar. This spectacular monolith holds a sampling of the fantastic old Indian style.

The significant destination of Gwalior Fort is the well-known Sas-Bahu holy place, Gujari Mahal which is currently the male and gallery Mandir.

The magnificent monolith is just one of the largest forts in India and a shipping stamp has been provided to keep in mind the value of this fort.

However, Madhya Pradesh the Heartland of India rates amongst one of the most preferred traveler destinations in India for its fantastic old Indian design.

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4: Golconda Fort-Hyderabad

Golconda Fort forts in India
Image Source – Google | Image By – Wikipedia

The popular Golconda Fort located at Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, was constructed by the Kakatiya kings.

The heritage monolith is recognized for its abundant background and impressive as well as enforcing grand framework.

When renowned for the Magnificent rubies discovered on the southeast at Kollur Mine near Kollur Lake, Golkonda is also one of the biggest forts in India.

The outstanding Golconda Fort is popular for its army style as well as for being one of the most fantastic monoliths in India.

Golconda Fort is counted as Seven Wonders of Hyderabad, others are Charminar, Birla Mandir, Ramoji Film City, Hussain Sagar, Salar Jung Museum, as well as Mecca Masjid the Biggest mosque in Hyderabad.

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5: Jaisalmer Fort- Jaisalmer

Jaisalmer For-- Jaisalmer
Image Source – Google | Image By – Ashwin Kumar

Jaisalmer Fort, among the largest forts in India, is positioned in the state of Rajasthan and developed by Rawal Jaisal.

The amazing structure of Jaisalmer Fort is positioned in the middle of the sandy surface of the Great Thar Desert.

Jaisalmer Fort additionally referred to as Sonar Quila as well as “Golden Fort, improved the triangular-shaped Trikuta hillside, 76 m over the community.

The 2nd earliest fort in the state of Rajasthan is counted as one of the most unyielding forts in India. Significant tourist attractions inside the forts are Jain holy places, the Royal Palace, as well as huge gateways.

Jaisalmer is the land of sand likewise renowned for its Trikuta Hill, Havelis, royal residence, and Lakes.

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6: Red Fort- Agra

Red Fort-- Agra
Image Source – Google | Image By – Wikipedia

It is one of the most beautiful forts in India positioned in Agra Uttar Pradesh, about 2Km from its even more renowned sis monolith,

“The Taj Mahal”. Sikandar Lodi was the very first Sultan of Delhi who changed to Agra as well as resided in the fort. Also, The UNESCO World Heritage website pushes for the appropriate financial institution for the river Yamuna.

Agra Fort additionally referred to as the Red Fort of Agra is amongst the most effective vacation locations in Uttar Pradesh.

Jhansi Fort has one more spectacular style as well as the largest fort in India. The fort was the house of Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi located in Uttar Pradesh.

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7: Kangra Fort- Kangra

Kangra Fort-- Kangra
Image Source – Google | Image By – Aleksandr Zykov

The renowned Kangra Fort constructed by the Royal household of Kangra is positioned on the convergence of the Banganga as well as Manjhi rivers in the Kangra valley of Himachal Pradesh.

The popular huge fort is a matter of the earliest forts on the planet. It is the largest fort in the Himalayas and also the biggest fort in India.

One of the most useful monoliths in the Kangra Fort is the Vajreshwari holy place. One of the most attractive means to consider Kangra Fort by the roadway throughout the trip.

The renowned significant tourist attractions of Himachal Pradesh are close to the well-known Dharamsala.

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8: Chittaurgarh Fort- Rajasthan

Chittaurgarh Fort- Rajasthan | Forts In India

Chittaurgarh Fort is the largest fort in India as well as the grandest in the state of Rajasthan. It is additionally called Water Fort, The fort had 84 water bodies within, out of which just 22 exist today.

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9: Panhala Fort- Kolhapur

Panhala Fort-- Kolhapur
Image Source – Google | Image By – Wikipedia

Panhala Fort, The largest as well as a crucial fort in Maharashtra, is located examining a come on the Sahyadri chain of mountains near Kolhapur.

Panhala fort frameworks are the rep of the great Maratha Empire. however, a lot of the forts in Maharashtra are related to Shivaji, the great Maratha warrior. Also, among the biggest forts in India.

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10: Srirangapatnam Fort- Karnataka

Srirangapatnam Fort-- Karnataka
Image Source – Google | Image By – Flickr

Srirangapatnam Fort is also a well-known fort in Karnataka, Situated close to the divine river Kaveri. srirangapatnam Fort or Tipu Sultan’s royal residence is just one of the famous monoliths in Karnataka.

Various other destinations consist of a Mosque “Jumma Masjid”, the Daria Daulat Gardens, the Rangantittu Bird Sanctuary as well as The Mausoleum Of Tipu Sulthan.

Karnataka royal residences, as well as forts, create an enduring component of Karnataka tourists. Karnataka excursion without visiting this fort is insufficient, these are amongst the most effective destinations of Karnataka.

An additional well-known fort is Belgaum Fort, among the earliest monoliths of Karnataka.

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11: Gingee Fort- Tamil Nadu

Gingee Fort forts in India
Image Source – Google | Image By – Wikimedia

Gingee Fort is an enduring fort in Tamil Nadu as well as noted as one of the most secure citadels in India.  Also, the fort is a noticeable visitor location in the Villupuram area.

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12: Amer Fort- Rajasthan

Amer Fort-- Rajasthan
Image Source – Google | Image By – Needpix

Amer Fort is located on the Aravalli series of hillsides. It is near the funding of Jaipur as well as a primary traveler destination in Rajasthan. Also, one of the historical forts in India.

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13: Raigad Fort- Maharashtra

Raigad Fort-- Maharashtra
Image Source – Google | Image By – Wikimedia

Raigad Fort of Maharashtra lies high in the Sahyadri chain of mountains and is also among the must-visit fort developed by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. where he was crowned as the King of the Maratha Kingdom.

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14: Pratapgad Fort- Maharashtra

Pratapgad Fort-- Maharashtra
Image Source – Google | Image By – Wikimedia

Pratapgad or Valour Fort is currently also the preferred vacationer location near Pune, located 23 kilometers from Mahabaleshwar.

The fort is additionally on several hiking areas and also among the huge forts located in the Satara area.

There are a variety of forts in Maharashtra popular for hiking such as Purandhar Fort, Bahadurgad Fort, Ahmednagar Fort, and Ratnagarh Fort.

However, Murud is a city renowned for the secure fort of Janjira as well as the gorgeous coastline. Janjira is a Sea fort located at the seaside town of Murud, in the Raigad area of Maharashtra. Also, one of the famous forts of India should be visited.

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15: Kumbhalgarh Fort- Rajasthan

Kumbhalgarh forts in India
Image Source – Google | Image By – Wikimedia

In addition, Kumbhalgarh Fort of Rajasthan state is currently a component of the World Heritage Site. Hill Forts of Rajasthan also houses the second-largest wall surface complicated worldwide.

Also, one of the most considerable forts in Rajasthan holds the most significant Rajput event called the “Jauhar Mela”.

The most important monoliths in the Chittaurgarh Fort are the Gaumukh storage tank, Vijay Stambha, and Rana Kumbha Palace.

Rajasthan has well-known various forts and royal residences such as Amber Fort, Jaigarh Fort, as well as Taragarh Fort. Also, It’s one of the biggest forts in India.

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List Of Various Other Lesser-Known Forts In India That Have Fascinating Histories

  1. Rajasthan
  2. Amer Fort
  3. Alwar Fort
  4. Junagarh Fort
  5. Jaigarh Fort
  6. Khandar Fort
  7. Maharashtra
  8. Prabalgad Fort
  9. Karnala Fort
  10. Lohagad Fort
  11. Shivneri Fort
  12. Tikona Fort
  13. Rajgad Fort
  14. Torna Fort
  15. Murud Janjira
  16. Visapur Fort
  17. Purandar Fort
  18. Tamil Nadu
  19. Ranjankudi Fort
  20. Sankagiri Fort
  21. Thirumayam Fort
  22. Namakkal Fort
  23. Vellore Fort
  24. Tiruchirapalli Rock Fort
  25. Madhya Pradesh
  26. Ahilya Fort
  27. Narwar Fort
  28. Asirgarh Fort
  29. Raisen Fort
  30. Chiktan-Fort
  31. Basavakalyana Fort, Karnataka
  32. Palakkad Fort, Kerala
  33. Ramagiri Fort, Uttar Pradesh
  34. Tughlaqabad Fort, Delhi
  35. Barabati Fort, Odisha
  36. Chiktan Fort, Jammu, as well as Kashmir
  37. Dhandidhar Fort, Jammu, and also Kashmir
  38. Qila Mubarak Fort, Punjab
  39. Sitamgarh fort

However, these forts have played an important part in the Middle Ages background of India. Moreover, nowadays the Archaeological Survey Of India has countless forts noted as heritage monoliths.

These forts in India present the real picture of its historical culture. This also shows how India is diverse that’s why people love to visit here.

FAQs About Forts In India

There are a lot if questions come to our mind related to Indian forts some of the commonly asked questions are answered below.

Q. Which Is the Largest Fort In India?

A. Chittorgarh Fort is one of India’s largest forts and Rajasthan‘s largest. It is located on the left bank of the river Berach.

Q. Which Is The Smallest Fort In India?

A. Murud Janjira Fort is one of the smaller and lesser-known forts in the Maharashtra state of India.

Q. Which Is The Oldest Fort In India?

A. Kangra Fort is at a distance of around 20 kilometers in the town of Dharamsala. The fort was written about by Alexander the Great’s scribes, thereby making it India’s oldest fort!

Q. Why is Red Fort Famous?

A. Red Fort is renowned for having been an important structure in Indian history. The fort was Emperor Mughal’s residence. Often known for its color that gives it the name. Because of the red sandstone used in its construction, the fort is red.

Q . How Many Forts Are In India?

A. More than 1000
India has a long and rich cultural history and this beautiful country is adorned by many forts. In India, there are roughly 1000 or more forts. Amber Fort, Mehrangarh Fort, Jaisalmer Fort and more are among the famous ones that one should visit here.

Q. Where is Sitamgarh fort located?

A. Sitamgarh is not a real fort it is a set that depicts the fictional kingdom of Sitamgarh portrayed in the movie name Housefull 4. The maximum shooting of the move was done at the Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh.

Q. How many forts are there in Rajasthan?

A. Rajasthan boasts over 150 forts, each narrating a different chapter in the state’s history.

Q. Are all forts open to tourists?

A. While most forts are open to tourists, some, like those under military control, may have restricted access.

Q. Can you camp inside forts?

A. Camping inside forts is generally not allowed due to conservation concerns. However, nearby camping sites offer a unique experience.

Q. Are forts haunted?

A. Many forts are rumored to be haunted, adding a layer of mystery to their allure. Bhangarh Fort in Rajasthan is particularly famous for its ghostly tales.

Q. How are forts contributing to sustainable tourism?

A. Forts play a pivotal role in sustainable tourism by promoting historical awareness, supporting local economies, and fostering cultural exchange.


In the tapestry of India’s history, forts weave a narrative of courage, splendor, and resilience. From the regal forts of Rajasthan to the coastal strongholds of Maharashtra, each fort stands as a testament to the rich heritage of this land. As we explore these architectural marvels, let us not only relish their grandeur but also contribute to their preservation for generations to come.

Tell Us In The Comments About One Of Your Favorite Forts In India.

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Avatar of Rahul Siddharth

He is a dedicated travel writer with a wealth of 10 Years + experience that enriches his narratives. He holds a degree in Hospitality and Hotel Administration from IHM Dehradun, which he couples with hands-on expertise in the field. Drawing from his diverse experiences, Rahul's writings offer readers a captivating glimpse into the world of travel. Embark on a journey of exploration and inspiration with Rahul as your guide. Read More

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